Sec 2(93) – Recipient

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Sec 2(93) – Recipient 2017-04-14T03:17:21+00:00
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    “recipient” of supply of goods or services or both, means-
    (a) where a consideration is payable for the supply of goods or services or both, the person who is liable to pay that consideration;
    (b) where no consideration is payable for the supply of goods, the person to whom the goods are delivered or made available, or to whom possession or use of the goods is given or made available; and
    (c) where no consideration is payable for the supply of a service, the person to whom the service is rendered,
    and any reference to a person to whom a supply is made shall be construed as a reference to the recipient of the supply and shall include an agent acting as such on behalf of the recipient in relation to the goods or services or both supplied;

    Priya MadrechaPriya Madrecha
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    In transactions involving more than 2 persons, it could result in an ambiguity as to who should be treated as the ‘recipient’ for filing the return of inward supplies, paying tax on reverse charge basis, determining whether the relationship with the supplier will impact valuation, etc. In this regard, the definition specified the following:
    •    Where consideration payable: The recipient of supply and place of supply do not affect one another where a consideration is payable for the supply. Irrespective of the place of supply, the person who is liable for payment of consideration would be the recipient. This would hold good even in the case where the supply is made to person on the instruction of another – i.e., even if the goods are received by a person, if the person on whose instruction the goods are delivered is the person liable to pay consideration, such person giving the instruction would be the recipient.
    •    Where no consideration payable:
    o    Goods: The actual receiver of the goods would be the recipient. Say, for instance, a supplier keeps a counter in the premises of another company for issuing free samples to the employees of the company. The recipients would be the employees, and not the company permitting the use of its premises.
    o    Services: The actual receiver of the services would be the recipient.
    •    The definition of ‘consideration’ in Section 2(31) clearly provides that the consideration can from the recipient or by any other person. However, the law provides that the person paying the consideration shall be treated as the ‘recipient’. It appears that the term ‘recipient’ referred to in Section 2(31) should be read as ‘receiver of the supply’, and not ‘recipient’ as defined above.
    •    In case an agent is appointed by the principal, such agent may also be treated as the recipient of the goods or services or both.

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