Introduction – Central Goods and Services Act 2017

CGST bill was introduced in Lok Sabha on 23rd March 2017 which received president assent on 12th April 2017. CGST Bill was cleared by GST Council on 4th March 2017. This page list down all the sections of the Central Goods and Services tax Act, 2017. The links of the section take you to the respective section page. The section [page apart from bare law also contains infographics, related sections, explanations.

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Not all sections have been explained. In coming days, Moderators will explain all the sections. The objective of the linking, explaining of the sections is to create biggest, most reliable Goods and Service tax Wiki, which helps GST Tax Consultants, and GST Tax Payers to better understand the provisions of the law.

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CGST Act Chapters

For a better understanding of the law, Central Goods and Services Act 2017 is divided into 21 Chapters. A chapter is basically a grouping of related sections.

Chapter Description
1 Preliminary
1 Definition
2 Administration
3 Levy And Collection Of Tax
4 Time And Value Of Supply
5 Input Tax Credit
6 Registration
7 Tax Invoice, Credit And Debit Notes
8 Accounts And Records
9 Returns
10 Payment Of Tax
11 Refunds
12 Assessment
13 Audit
14 Inspection, Search, Seizure And Arrest
15 Demands And Recovery
16 Liability To Pay In Certain Cases
17 Advance Ruling
18 Appeals And Revision
19 Offences And Penalties
20 Transitional Provisions
21 Miscellaneous

Chapter 1 – Preliminary

Chapter 1 – Definition

Section Number Definition
2(1) Actionable Claim
2(2) Address Of Delivery
2(3) Address On Record
2(4) Adjudicating Authority
2(5) Agent
2(6) Aggregate Turnover
2(7) Agriculturist
2(8) Appellate Authority
2(9) Appellate Tribunal
2(10) Appointed Day
2(11) Assessment
2(12) Associated Enterprises
2(13) Audit
2(14) Authorised Bank
2(15) Authorised Representative
2(16) Board
2(17) Business
2(18) Business Vertical
2(19) Capital Goods
2(20) Casual Taxable Person
2(21) Central Tax
2(22) Cess
2(23) Chartered Accountant
2(24) Commissioner
2(25) Commissioner In The Board
2(26) Common Portal
2(27) Common Working Days
2(28) Company Secretary
2(29) Competent Authority
2(30) Composite Supply
2(31) Consideration
2(32) Continuous Supply Of Goods
2(33) Continuous Supply Of Services
2(34) Conveyance
2(35) Cost Accountant
2(36) Council
2(37) Credit Note
2(38) Debit Note
2(39) Deemed Exports
2(40) Designated Authority
2(41) Document
2(42) Drawback
2(43) Electronic Cash Ledger
2(44) Electronic Commerce
2(45) Electronic Commerce Operator
2(46) Electronic Credit Ledger
2(47) Exempt Supply
2(48) Exempt Supply
2(49) Family
2(50) Fixed Establishment
2(51) Fund
2(52) Goods
2(53) Government
2(54) Goods And Services Tax (compensation To States) Act
2(55) Goods And Services Tax Practitioner
2(56) India
2(57) Integrated Goods And Services Tax Act
2(58) Integrated Tax
2(59) Input
2(60) Input Service
2(61) Input Service Distributor
2(62) Input Tax
2(63) Input Tax Credit
2(64) Intra-state Supply Of Goods
2(65) Intra-state Supply Of Services
2(66) Invoice / Tax Invoice
2(67) Inward Supply
2(68) Job Work
2(69) Local Authority
2(70) Location Of The Recipient Of Services
2(71) Location Of The Supplier Of Services
2(72) Manufacture
2(73) Market Value
2(74) Mixed Supply
2(75) Money
2(76) Motor Vehicle
2(77) Non-resident Taxable Person
2(78) Non-taxable Supply
2(79) Non-taxable Territory
2(80) Notification
2(81) Other Territory
2(82) Output Tax
2(83) Outward Supply
2(84) Person
2(85) Place Of Business
2(86) Place Of Supply
2(87) Prescribed
2(88) Principal
2(89) Principal Place Of Business
2(90) Principal Supply
2(91) Proper Officer
2(92) Quarter
2(93) Recipient
2(94) Registered Person
2(95) Regulations
2(96) Removal
2(97) Return
2(98) Reverse Charge
2(99) Revisional Authority
2(100) Schedule
2(101) Securities
2(102) Services
2(103) State
2(104) State Tax
2(105) Supplier
2(106) Tax Period
2(107) Taxable Person
2(108) Taxable Supply
2(109) Taxable Territory
2(110) Telecommunication Service
2(111) The State Goods And Services Tax Act
2(112) Turnover In State Or Turnover In Union Territory
2(113) Usual Place Of Residence
2(114) Union Territory
2(115) Union Territory Tax
2(116) Union Territory Goods And Services Tax Act
2(117) Valid Return
2(118) Voucher
2(119) Works Contract
2(120) Other Defination
2(121) Reference To J&K Laws

Chapter 2 – Administration

Section Number Definition
3 Officers under this Act
4 Appointment of officers
5 Powers of officers
6 Authorisation of officers of State tax or Union territory tax as proper officer in certain circumstances

Chapter 3 – Levy And Collection Of Tax

Section Number Definition
7 Scope of supply
8 Tax liability on composite and mixed supplies
9 Levy and collection
10 Composition levy

Chapter 4 – Time And Value Of Supply

Section Number Definition
12 Time of supply of goods.
13 Time of supply of services
14 Change in rate of tax in respect of supply of goods or services
15 Value of taxable supply

Chapter 5 – Input Tax Credit

Section Number Definition
16 Eligibility and conditions for taking input tax credit
17 Apportionment of credit and blocked credits
18 Availability of credit in special circumstances
19 Taking input tax credit in respect of inputs and capital goods sent for job work
20 Manner of distribution of credit by Input Service Distributor
21 Manner of recovery of credit distributed in excess

Chapter 6 – Registration

Section Number Definition
22 Persons liable for registration
23 Persons not liable for registration
24 Compulsory registration in certain cases
25 Procedure for registration
26 Deemed registration
27 Special provisions relating to casual taxable person and non-resident taxable person
28 Amendment of registration
29 Cancellation of registration
30 Revocation of cancellation of registration

Chapter 7 – Tax Invoice, Credit And Debit Notes

Section Number Definition
31 Tax Invoice
32 Prohibition of unauthorised collection of tax
33 Amount of tax to be indicated in tax invoice and other documents
34 Credit and debit notes

Chapter 8 – Accounts And Records

Section Number Definition
35 Accounts and other records
36 Period of retention of accounts

Chapter 9 – Returns

Section Number Definition
37 Furnishing details of outward supplies
38 Furnishing details of inward supplies
39 Furnishing of returns
40 First return
41 Claim of input tax credit and provisional acceptance thereof
42 Matching, reversal and reclaim of input tax credit
43 Matching, reversal and reclaim of reduction in output tax liability
44 Annual return
45 Final Return
46 Notice to return defaulters
47 Levy of late fee
48 Goods and services tax practitioners

Chapter 10 – Payment Of Tax

Section Number Definition
49 Payment of tax, interest, penalty and other amounts
50 Interest on delayed payment of tax
51 Tax deduction at source
52 Collection of tax at source
53 Transfer of input tax credit

Chapter 11 – Refunds

Section Number Definition
54 Refund of Tax
55 Refund in certain cases
56 Interest on delayed refunds
57 Consumer Welfare Fund
58 Utilisation of Fund

Chapter 12 – Assessment

Section Number Definition
59 Self-Assessment
60 Provisional assessment
61 Scrutiny of returns
62 Assessment of non-filers of returns
63 Assessment of unregistered
64 Summary assessment in certain special cases

Chapter 13 – Audit

Section Number Definition
65 Audit by tax authorities
66 Special Audit

Chapter 14 – Inspection, Search, Seizure And Arrest

Section Number Definition
67 Power of inspection,search and seizure
68 Inspection of goods in movement
69 Power to arrest
70 Power to summon persons to give evidence and produce documents
71 Access to business premises
72 Officers to assist proper officers

Chapter 15 – Demands And Recovery

Section Number Definition
73 Determination of tax not paid or short paid or erroneously refunded or input tax credit wrongly availed or utilised for any reason other than fraud or any wilfulmisstatement or suppression of facts
74 Determination of tax not paid or short paid or erroneously refunded or input tax credit wrongly availed or utilised by reason of fraud or any wilfulmisstatement or suppression of facts
75 General provisions relating to determination of tax
76 Tax collected but not paid to Government
77 Tax wrongfully collected and paid to Central Government or State Government
78 Initiation of recovery proceedings
79 Recovery of tax
80 Payment of tax and other amount in instalments
81 Transfer of property to be void in certain cases
82 Tax to be first charge on property
83 Provisional attachment to protect revenue in certain cases
84 Continuation and validation of certain recovery proceedings

Chapter 16 – Liability To Pay In Certain Cases

Section Number Definition
85 Liability in case of transfer of business
86 Liability of agent and principal
87 Liability in case of amalgamation or merger of companies
88 Liability in case of company in liquidation
89 Liability of directors of private company
90 Liability of partners of firm to pay tax
91 Liability of guardians, trustees, etc
92 Liability of Court of Wards, etc
93 Special provisions regarding liability to pay tax, interest or penalty in certain cases
94 Liability in other cases

Chapter 17 – Advance Ruling

Section Number Definition
95 Definitions for Advance Ruling
96 Authority for advance ruling
97 Application for advance ruling
98 Procedure on receipt of application
99 Appellate Authority for advance ruling
100 Appeal to Appellate Authority
101 Orders of Appellate Authority
102 Rectification of advance ruling
103 Applicability of advance ruling
104 Advance ruling to be void in certain circumstances
105 Powers of Authority and Appellate Authority
106 Procedure of Authority and Appellate Authority

Chapter 18 – Appeals And Revision

Section Number Definition
107 Appeals to Appellate Authority
108 Powers of Revisional Authority
109 Constitution of Appellate Tribunal and benches there of
110 President and Members of Appellate Tribunal, their qualification, appointment of conditions of service, etc.
111 Procedure before Appellate Tribunal
112 Appeals to Appellate Tribunal
113 Orders of Appellate Tribunal
114 Financial and administrative powers of President
115 Interest on refund of amount paid for admission of appeal
116 Appearance by authorised representative
117 Appeal to High Court
118 Appeal to Supreme Court
119 Sums due to be paid notwithstanding appeal, etc.
120 Appeal not to be filed in certain cases
121 Non-appealable decisions and orders

Chapter 19 – Offences And Penalties

Section Number Definition
122 Penalty for certain offences
123 Penalty for failure to furnish information return
124 Fine for failure to furnish statistics
125 General penalty
126 General disciplines related to penalty
127 Power to impose penalty in certain cases
128 Power to waive penalty or fee or both
129 Detention, seizure and release of goods and conveyances in transit
130 Confiscation of goods or conveyances and levy of penalty
131 Confiscation or penalty not to interfere with other punishments
132 Punishment for certain offence
133 Liability of officers and certain other persons
134 Cognizance of offences
135 Presumption of culpable mental state
136 Relevancy of statements under certain circumstances
137 Offences by companies
138 Compounding of offences

Chapter 20 – Transitional Provisions

Section Number Definition
139 Migration of existing taxpayers
140 Transitional arrangements for input tax credit
141 Transitional provisions relating to job work
142 Miscellaneous transitional provision

Chapter 21 – Miscellaneous

Section Number Definition
143 Job work procedure
144 Presumption as to documents in certain cases
145 Admissibility of micro films, facsimile copies of documents and computer printouts as documents and as evidence
146 Common Portal
147 Deemed exports
148 Special procedure for certain processes
149 Goods and services tax compliance rating
150 Obligation to furnish information return
151 Power to collect statistics
152 Bar on disclosure of information
153 Taking assistance from an expert
154 Power to take samples
155 Burden of proof
156 Persons deemed to be public servants
157 Protection of action taken under this Act
158 Disclosure of information by a public servant
159 Publication of information in respect of persons in certain cases
160 Assessment proceedings, etc., not to be invalid on certain ground
161 Rectification of errors apparent on the face of record
162 Bar on jurisdiction of civil courts
163 Levy of fee
164 Power of Government to make rules
165 Power to make regulations
166 Laying of rules, regulations and notifications
167 Delegation of powers
168 Power to issue instructions or directions
169 Service of notice in certain circumstances
170 Rounding off of tax, etc
171 Anti-profiteering measure
172 Removal of difficulties
173 Amendment of Act 32 of 1994
174 Repeal and saving